As with so many other Italian towns, Caldarola is inextricably linked with the fortunes of one family. The Pallotta family produced four cardinals and
reached its heyday in the last decade of the 16th century when Cardinal Evangelista Pallotta transformed the family castle into his summer residence.
The family still own the castle, now open to the public (open 1000-1200hrs and 1500-1800hrs, closed Tuesday and Friday).
The splendid Collegiate Church which stands nearby also dates from this period. Several paintings inside are by
members of the De Magistris family, important local painters who lived here in the 16th & 17th centuries.